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Type 1 diabetes is a condition where glucose levels in the blood are too high. To manage diabetes, insulin must be used daily and lifestyle carefully planned. The good news is that with proper management, a person with diabetes can live a full, active, healthy life.

This guide supplements the instructions from your doctor and will help you become an expert.


I. Let's Get Started

Step 1: Taking charge
Step 2: What is diabetes?
Step 3: Symptoms of diabetes
Step 4: Diagnosing diabetes


II. Managing Diabetes - The Basics

Step 5: Your management program
Step 6: Use insulin every day
Step 7: Follow a meal plan
Step 8: Monitor blood glucose
Step 9: Exercise is important!


III. Becoming an Expert

Step 10: Recognize medical emergencies
Step 11: Long-term complications
Step 12: Maintain regular check-ups
Step 13: The healthcare team

questionLearn More

Glucose monitoring: New and upcoming testing devices

Healthy eating for people with diabetes

Intensive blood glucose management

Research underway: Transplant procedures

questionHelpful Handouts

Insulin schedule

Emergency warning signs

American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in diabetes--2009. Diabetes Care. 2009 Jan;32 Suppl 1:S13-61.

Bakris GL, Sowers JR; American Society of Hypertension Writing Group. ASH position paper: treatment of hypertension in patients with diabetes-anupdate. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2008 Sep;10(9):707-13; discussion 714-5.

Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation Continuous Glucose Monitoring Study Group, Tamborlane WV, Beck RW, Bode BW, Buckingham B, Chase HP, et al. Continuous glucose monitoring and intensive treatment of type 1 diabetes. N Engl J Med. 2008 Oct 2;359(14):1464-76. Epub 2008 Sep 8.

Retnakaran R, Zinman B. Type 1 diabetes, hyperglycaemia, and the heart. Lancet. 2008 May 24;371(9626):1790-9.

Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation Continuous Glucose Monitoring Study Group, Tamborlane WV, Beck RW, Bode BW, Buckingham B, Chase HP, et al. Continuous glucose monitoring and intensive treatment of type 1 diabetes. N Engl J Med. 2008 Oct 2;359(14):1464-76. Epub 2008 Sep 8.

Retnakaran R, Zinman B. Type 1 diabetes, hyperglycaemia, and the heart. Lancet. 2008 May 24;371(9626):1790-9.

Camilleri M. Clinical practice, Diabetic gastroparesis. N Engl J Med. 2007;356:820-829.

Ryan EA, Paty VW, Senior PA, et al. Five year follow-up after clinical islet transplantation. Diabetes. 2005;54:2060-2069.

Review Date: 6/24/2011

Reviewed By: Nancy J. Rennert, MD, FACE, FACP, Chief of Endocrinology & Diabetes, Norwalk Hospital, Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.



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