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Drug Information For:
AMPICILLIN 1GM INJ, 1 VIAL
Ingredient Name:AMPICILLIN (AM-pi-SIL-in)
Common Uses:This medicine is a penicillin antibiotic used to treat and prevent infections caused by certain types of bacteria.
Before Using This Medicine:Some medicines or medical conditions may interact with this medicine. INFORM YOUR DOCTOR OR PHARMACIST of all prescription and over-the-counter medicine that you are taking. DO NOT TAKE THIS MEDICINE if you are also taking a tetracycline antibiotic (eg, doxycycline). ADDITIONAL MONITORING OF YOUR DOSE OR CONDITION may be needed if you are taking probenecid; allopurinol; methotrexate; anticoagulants (eg, heparin, warfarin); aminoglycosides (eg, gentamicin); or birth control pills. DO NOT START OR STOP any medicine without doctor or pharmacist approval. Inform your doctor of any other medical conditions including a severe allergic reaction (eg, severe rash, hives, difficulty breathing, dizziness) to a cephalosporin (eg, cephalexin) or other beta-lactam antibiotic (eg, imipenem); if you have a stomach infection or diarrhea; kidney problems; allergies; pregnancy; or breast-feeding. USE OF THIS MEDICINE IS NOT RECOMMENDED if you have mononucleosis ("mono") or if you have recently received or will be receiving live oral typhoid vaccine. USE OF THIS MEDICINE IN CHILDREN under age 10 who have diarrhea or an infection of the stomach or bowel is not recommended. Discuss with your doctor the risks and benefits of giving this medicine to your child. Contact your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions or concerns about using this medicine.
How to Use This Medicine:Follow the directions for taking this medicine provided by your doctor. This medicine is usually given as an injection at your doctor's office, hospital, or clinic. IF YOU WILL BE USING THIS MEDICINE AT HOME, a health care provider will teach you how to use it. Be sure you understand how to use this medicine. Follow the procedures you are taught when you use a dose. Contact your health care provider if you have any questions. DO NOT USE this medicine if it contains particles, is cloudy or discolored, or if the vial is cracked or damaged. If this medicine is given intravenously (IV) or intramuscularly (IM), it should be given within 1 hour of mixture. After 1 hour, it begins to lose its potency. TO CLEAR UP YOUR INFECTION COMPLETELY, continue using this medicine for the full course of treatment even if you feel better in a few days. Do not miss any doses. This medicine is usually handled and stored by a health care provider. If you are using this medicine at home, STORE THIS MEDICINE as directed by your pharmacist or health care provider. USE THIS MEDICINE ON A REGULAR SCHEDULE to get the most benefit from it. Using this medicine at the same time each day will help you remember to use it. IF YOU MISS A DOSE OF THIS MEDICINE, use it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. DO NOT use 2 doses at once.
Cautions:DO NOT TAKE THIS MEDICINE if have had an allergic reaction to it or if you are allergic to any ingredient in this medicine. DO NOT TAKE THIS MEDICINE IF YOU HAVE HAD A SEVERE ALLERGIC REACTION to a penicillin antibiotic or a cephalosporin antibiotic. A severe reaction includes a severe rash, hives, breathing difficulties, or dizziness. If you have a question about whether you are allergic to this medicine, contact your doctor or pharmacist. IF YOU EXPERIENCE difficulty breathing; tightness of chest; swelling of eyelids, face, or lips; or if you develop a rash, or hives, tell your doctor immediately. Do not take any more of this medicine unless your doctor tells you to do so. DO NOT EXCEED THE RECOMMENDED DOSE without checking with your doctor. Laboratory and/or medical tests, including white blood cell counts and kidney function tests may be performed to monitor your progress or to check for side effects. KEEP ALL DOCTOR AND LABORATORY APPOINTMENTS while you are taking this medicine. THIS MEDICINE MAY AFFECT CERTAIN LAB TEST RESULTS. Make sure laboratory personnel and your doctors know you are using this medicine. USE THIS MEDICINE for the full course of treatment. If you do not, the medicine may not clear up your infection completely. The bacteria could also become less sensitive to this or other medicines. This could make the infection harder to treat in the future. LONG-TERM OR REPEATED USE of this medicine may cause a second infection. Tell your doctor if signs of a second infection occur. Your medicine may need to be changed to treat this. IF VOMITING OR DIARRHEA OCCURS, you will need to take care not to become dehydrated. Contact your doctor for instructions. MILD DIARRHEA IS COMMON with antibiotic use. However, a more serious form of diarrhea (pseudomembranous colitis) may rarely occur. This may develop while you use the antibiotic or within several months after you stop using it. CONTACT YOUR DOCTOR RIGHT AWAY if stomach pain or cramps, severe diarrhea, or bloody stools occur. Do not treat diarrhea without first checking with your doctor. SOME INJECTABLE PENICILLINS CONTAIN SODIUM. Contact your doctor if you are on a salt-restricted diet or if your condition could be worsened with an increase in salt intake (eg, congestive heart failure). HORMONAL BIRTH CONTROL (eg, birth control pills) may not work as well while you are using this medicine. To prevent pregnancy, use an extra form of birth control (eg, condoms). BEFORE YOU BEGIN TAKING ANY NEW MEDICINES, either prescription or over-the-counter, check with your doctor or pharmacist. FOR WOMEN: IF YOU PLAN ON BECOMING PREGNANT, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using this medicine during pregnancy. THIS MEDICINE IS FOUND in breast milk. IF YOU ARE OR WILL BE BREAST-FEEDING while you use this medicine, check with your doctor or pharmacist to discuss the risks to your baby. IFYOU HAVE DIABETES, this medicine may cause false test results with some urine glucose tests. Check with your doctor before adjusting the dose of your diabetes medicine or changing your diet.
Possible Side Effects:SIDE EFFECTS that may occur while taking this medicine include black, "hairy" tongue; inflammation and redness of the tongue; mild diarrhea; nausea; second infection; or vomiting. If they continue or are bothersome, check with your doctor. CONTACT YOUR DOCTOR IMMEDIATELY if you experience bloody stools; chills; fever; itching; muscle pain; pain, redness, or swelling at the injection site; severe diarrhea; stomach pain/cramps; or vaginal irritation or discharge. AN ALLERGIC REACTION to this medicine is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of an allergic reaction include rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist. This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your healthcare provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Overdose:IF OVERDOSE IS SUSPECTED, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include diarrhea, nausea, seizures, or vomiting.
Additional Information:DO NOT SHARE THIS MEDICINE with others for whom it was not prescribed. DO NOT USE THIS MEDICINE for other health conditions. KEEP THIS MEDICINE, as well as syringes and needles, out of the reach of children and pets. Do not reuse needles, syringes, or other materials. Ask your health care provider how to dispose of these materials after use. Follow all local rules for disposal.
Copyright 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.