Growth Hormone Side Effects

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Question

What are side effects growth hormone treatments?

Answer

Treatment with synthetic growth hormone is generally considered to be safe. However, if a person with normal growth takes a synthetic growth hormone medication, serious side effects could occur. This happens when growth hormone levels in the body become too high and can lead to the development of diabetes, high blood pressure, hardening of the arteries, and abnormal growth of bones and organs (heart, kidneys, and liver). Typical side effects of growth hormone medication include headache, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, muscle pain or weakness, swelling of the extremities, hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), blurred vision, burning/tingling sensations, dizziness, nervousness, numbness, carpal tunnel syndrome, or serious allergic reaction. The safety and effectiveness of growth hormone has not been established for pediatric patients with AIDS or short bowel syndrome. Be sure to notify your doctor if you experience any side effects that become bothersome or severe.

Brand Medication Side Effects
Sandostatin® (octreotide injection) nausea, vomiting, stomach upset, gas, bloating, diarrhea, constipation, dizziness, headache, and injection-site reaction
Somavert® (pegvisomant) diarrhea, dizziness, nausea, injection site reaction, severe allergic reaction, headache, joint pain, chest pain, flu-like symptoms, stomach pain, and swelling of the extremities
Dostinex® (cabergoline) abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, hot flashes, indigestion, nausea, vomiting, nervousness, tiredness, severe allergic reactions, chest pain, irregular heartbeat, shortness of breath, swelling of the extremities, and vision disturbances

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