What medications are used to treat osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a common condition with weak, thin and brittle bones. This condition causes bones to gradually grow thin, fragile, and more likely to break. There are several medications that are currently used to either prevent or treat osteoporosis.
- Actonel® (risendronate), Fosamax® (alendronate) and Didronel® (etidronate) belong to a class of drugs called bisphosphonates that are used to prevent bone loss and increase bone mass. They work to slow the breakdown of bone, help rebuild bone mass, and reduce the risk of broken bones.
- Calcitonin is a natural hormone made in the thyroid gland.This medicine treats osteoporosis in women who've been in menopause for at least five years. These drugs work best to prevent bone loss when taken with calcium and vitamin D. Fortical® and Miacalcin® are brand names of the synthetic salmon calcitonin product, taken as a nasal spray or an injection. Miacalcin® is made by chemical reactions while Fortical is produced using DNA technology. Miacalcin and Fortical are not considered to be the same medication, and they are not interchangeable.