Analgesics

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Question

How can analgesics relieve cold and flu symptoms?

Answer

An analgesic is a type of medication used to relieve pain, including pain related to the cold or flu. Acetaminophen is the most common form of analgesic. It helps relieve pain by changing the way the body recognizes pain or discomfort. Analgesics like acetaminophen, aspirin, and ibuprofen are also fever reducers.

Who should not take analgesics?

You should not take analgesics or antipyretics if you are allergic to any element of these types of medications. Cold or flu-related analgesics should not be given to a child under the age of 2. Additionally, your medical conditions and medications should be discussed with your doctor before you begin taking an analgesic. Medical conditions that could put you at risk for complications include pregnancy, breast feeding, and phenylketonuria (PKU). If you are taking certain medications such as blood thinners, seizure medications, other acetaminophen containing cold medications, and phenothiazines. Before you begin taking this or any other medication you should speak with your doctor about possible drug-drug interactions.

How should I take analgesics?

Because there are so many different types and combinations of analgesics, there are also many different ways to take it. You should follow the directions of your doctor and those printed on the medication container. Analgesics and antipyretics are available in a variety of forms including tablet, capsule, liquid, drops, extended-release, quick-dissolve, or suppository. When you first begin taking analgesics, you should not participate in any activities, such as driving, or operating heavy machinery, until you know how the medication will affect you.

How do analgesics interact with other medications?

If you are taking certain medications, you should talk to your doctor before taking an analgesic. These medications include blood thinners, seizure medications, other acetaminophens, containing cold medications, and phenothiazines. Before you begin taking this or any other medication you should speak with your doctor about possible interactions.

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